Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2 – What are the differences and symptoms?

Here are a few of the common characteristics of each diabetes type.  But there are exceptions to these rules:

Type 1 Diabetes:

  1.  Often diagnosed in childhood.
  2. Not associated with excess body weight.
  3. Often associated with higher than normal ketone levels at diagnosis.
  4. Treated with insulin injections or insulin pump.
  5. Cannot be controlled without taking insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  1.  Usually diagnosed in over 30 year olds.
  2. Often associated with excess body weight.
  3. Often associated with high blood pressure and/or cholesterol levels at diagnosis.
  4. Is usually treated initially without medication or with tablets.
  5. Sometimes possible to come off diabetes medication.

How Type 1 develops:

According to diabetes.co.uk, Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, which means it results from the immune system mistakenly attacking parts of the body.  The immune system incorrectly targets insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.  There’s no known cause.

How Type 2 develops:

The autoimmune systems don’t attack beta cells.  Instead, type 2 diabetes is characterized by the body losing its ability to respond to insulin.  This is known as insulin resistance.  The body overcompensates by producing more insulin, and sometimes it can’t produce enough.   Over time, this strain of insulin production destroys beta cells which causes diminishing insulin production.  There are two main reasons, type 2 patients may need to do insulin injections; low sensitivity to insulin which can occur with excess weight, and secondly, beta cell failure.

With Type 1, the symptoms can be more severe and happen in a couple of days or weeks.

These are early warning signs of Diabetes Type 1 or Type 2:

  1.  Hunger and fatigue
  2. Urinating more often and being thirstier than normal.
  3. Dry mouth and itchy skin due to dehydration.
  4. Blurred vision.
  5. Yeast infections.
  6. Slow healing sores or cuts.
  7. Pain or numbness in your feet or legs.
  8. Unplanned weight loss.
  9. Nausea and vomiting.

Here’s to your Health!

Kim Lowrey, Certified Colon Hydrotherapist

Colon Hydrotherapy Center, Fayetteville, AR






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